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Chapter 4 Chinese Input Methods (Part I)

UnionWay Chinese System provides the following eight input methods: ZhuYin (), PinYin (), English - Chinese (), CangJie (), Internal Code (), Cantonese (), Symbol () and Simple-Stroke () (only in the Big5 mode).

Both the keyboard and mouse are supported in each Chinese input method. In addition, any new Chinese input method could be added into UnionWay Chinese system.

IME Parameter Setting

The default input method of UnionWay Chinese system is English. Click the with the left mouse button will activate the IME Configuration dialog box:

There are three pages with their own page tag in the IME Configuration dialog box, the first is Input Method page for specifying all the input parameters; the second is Keyboard page displaying the keyboard map of the current IME; and the third is Option page for customizing IME. Click any of the tag with the left mouse button will bring that page to the front. Click Close button will close and end the IME Configuration dialog box.

ZhuYin Input Method

In the IME Configuration dialog box, ZhuYin is the first Chinese input method listed. It conforms to the general characteristic of Mandarin pronunciation, having the component of Consonant, Vowel, and Tone. With these three components, it is then made possible for computer input. In UnionWay Chinese professional system, it not only provides the single word input (only single word input for the standard system), but also provides the Chinese word phrase input of 2 to 4 character word phrase, further distinguishes the input that is with tone and without tone. Each user may select and define their preferred IME.

Entering UnionWay Chinese system, English is the default input method. You can use the hot key "Ctrl + Alt + F1" or "Ctrl + Space" to switch to ZhuYin input method ("Ctrl + Space" switch between the current Chinese input method and English input method). If you click the button with the left mouse button, the IME Configuration dialog box will appear and switch to ZhuYin input method, it is referred to as the "ZhuYin dialog box". Select the Keyboard tag will bring up the following keyboard layout map:

This is the keyboard layout conforming to the ET () with tone keyboard definition. On the upper right corner, next to the spin button, the number 1 is indicating that the current keyboard displayed is layout number 1. Clicking the "up" arrow on the spin button will change the display to 2, bringing us to the Standard with tone keyboard layout:

Clicking the "up" arrow on the spin button again will change the display to 3, bringing us to the keyboard layout conforming to the ET without tone keyboard definition:

Clicking the "up" arrow one more time on the spin button will change the display to 4, bringing us to the Standard without tone keyboard layout:

Notice the first two input keyboard layout are with tone, and the last two input keyboard layout are without tone. It is very important to select the keyboard layout that you are familiar with.

Following are some of the hot keys that you can use during the input:

Ctrl + Space or switch between the current Chinese input method Alt + and English input method

Backspace deletes one input code
Esc clears all input code
Space Bar turn to the next words (or phrases) page
Turn to the previous words (or phrases) page
1 to 8 (F1 to F8) are used for selecting the target word (or phrase)

Following are the representation of the tones:

E Light tone
Space First tone
Second tone
Third tone
Forth tone

For each word in the ZhuYin IME, it usually requires the "Consonant + Vowel + (Tone)"; and for the word phrase, it usually requires the "completion of the First Word + Consonant of the Second Word".

while typing or selecting the word or phrase into the application program., you may need to use the function keys from F1 to F8 to replace the numeric keys 1 to 8 when the numeric keys are used for tone or phrase input code mapping. If you only prefer to input single word (no more phrase), please enable option from ZhuYin dialog box.

Intelligent ZhuYin Input Method

Intelligent ZhuYin IME provided by UnionWay Chinese system is the simplest and easiest to use for Chinese character input. It is most flexible for word phrase and short sentence input. While in the ZhuYin dialog box, selecting the option will activate the Intelligent mode and set it as a default option for subsequent use of UnionWay Chinese system.

Input Single Word

Using as an example:

ZhuYin With Tone Input

While in the ZhuYin input mode, and is on the keyboard layout 1 or 2, type the input code for, it does not display on the first word page, use the Space bar or key to get to the second page, the target word is on the position 1 as shown below (it may be on different position for different user due to the Auto Sort option may have sorted the word into different position):

Press the numeric key 1 or the F1 key will bring the target word into the application program at the cursor position.

ZhuYin Without Tone Input

While in the ZhuYin input mode, and is on the keyboard layout 3 or 4, type the input code for , because the input is without tone, all the words that matches the input code regardless of which tone it has will be displayed, one page at a time, thus increasing the page turning frequency to find the target word. If the target word is not on the first page, you may use the Space bar or key to get to the next page. In this example, the target word is on the eighth position as shown:

Press the numeric key 8 or the F8 key will send the target word into the application program at the cursor position.

It is not necessary (for both the Input With Tone and Input Without Tone) to type all the input code to get to the target word. In the above example, by typing in (Consonant) or (Consonant + Tone), could both bring you to the target word . However, the more code that you type, the less pages you have to turn to get to the target word.

There are two conditions worth noting while typing in or selecting the word into the application program. First, you may need to use the function keys from F1 to F8 to replace the numeric keys 1 to 8 when the numeric keys are used for tone or phrase input code mapping, because the intended selection with numeric key may be taken as part of the input code; Second, for input with tone, may use the key for paging instead of the Space bar, because the first Space entry will be taken as the First Tone input, then the second Space entry will be taken as paging. In this second case, all the words in the page will have the same input code and with First Tone only.

Input Phrase

While using the Intelligent ZhuYin mode , any one of the following rules may be applied for the two, three, or four word phrase input:

  1. Type only the Consonant + (Tone) of each word in the word phrase.
  2. Type the Consonant + (Tone) of the first two or three words in the word phrase.
  3. Type the complete input code of the first word + the Consonant of the second word in the word phrase.
  4. Type the complete input code of the first two or three words in the word phrase.
  5. Type the complete input code for each of the word in the word phrase

The rule of thumb for word phrase input is that once the Consonant of all the words are keyed in, it is not necessary to type the Vowel or the Tone, and there is no regulation of how many words you have to use for input as long as you start from the first word in the word phrase. However, the more code that you type, the less pages you have to turn to get to the target word phrase.

Using word phrase as an example:

With Tone Input

While in the ZhuYin keyboard layout 1 or 2, the following are example for locating the word phrase.

Without Tone Input

While in the ZhuYin keyboard layout 3 or 4, the following are example for locating the word phrase .

Using word phrase as an example:

With Tone Input

While in the ZhuYin keyboard layout 1 or 2, the following are example for locating the word phrase.

Without Tone Input

While in the ZhuYin keyboard layout 3 or 4, the following are example for locating the word phrase .

There are two conditions worth noting while typing or selecting the phrase into the application program. First, you may need to use the function keys from F1 to F8 to replace the numeric keys 1 to 8 when the numeric keys are used for tone or phrase input code mapping, because the intended selection with numeric key may be taken as part of the input code, if you only prefer to input single word (no more phrase), please enable option from ZhuYin dialog box; Second, for input with tone, may use the key for paging instead of the Space bar, because the first Space entry will be taken as the First Tone input (if existing), then the second Space entry will be taken as paging.

Input Short Sentence

In the dictionary of word phrase provided by UnionWay Chinese system contains word phrases of 4 words or less. To expend any of the existing or new word phrase into short sentence of 16 words or less, you may use any one of the dictionary expansion method described in the next section.

ZhuYin Configuration

To customize and set the preferred parameters for ZhuYin input method, you must select ZhuYin (), as the current input method in the IME Configuration dialog box as shown in the figure below:

There are two selections in the Space Character section:

This is a default option, setting the Space bar as the page down key, equivalent to the key. When typing the input code in the with Tone mode, the first Space bar entry will be taken as the First Tone input, then the second Space bar entry will be taken as paging, and will be paging only for all the words that matches the input code and has First Tone.

When selecting this option, it sets the Space bar as the Send key, equivalent to the numeric key 1 (or F1 key). When in the input with Tone mode, the first Space bar entry will be taken as the First Tone input (if existing), then the second Space bar entry will be taken as Send, sending the first word in the page into the application program at the cursor position. In this case, the key must be used for paging through the word selection. This is not a default option.

Word Mode supports the single word input only, no phrase. For those who are used to the single word input in the C-Windows, this option will make you feel at home. This is not a default option.

Character Mode allows the display of all words that starts with the same input code. For example, after typing the input code, the following words, , , etc. will be displayed for selection as well. This is not a default option.

This is a default option. Please refer to the previous section for details on the Intelligent Mode option.

After sending the word into the application program, this option automatically brings the selected word or phrase to the front of the words list that has the same input code, reducing the paging frequency for the more commonly used words or phrases. This is not a default option.

This option automatically sends the word or the phrase into the application program at the cursor position while the input code only map to one word or one phrase, also it is not the beginning input code for other words or phrases. This is not a default option.

This option will display the complete input code for the words or phrases in the selection list. This option will not work while in the word mode . This is not a default option.

Imports new words or phrases and their corresponding input code form text file into the ZhuYin dictionary. The text file must have the file name with ".TXT" extension. The format in the text file begins with the "Input Code + , (English comma) + Chinese Word or Phrase". For example:

The alternate text file format begins with the "Chinese Word or Phrase + , (English comma) + Input Code". For Example:

Each phrase is limited to 16 Chinese words or less, but there is no limitation to the total number of entry in the text file.

While in the ZhuYin Configuration dialog box, click the button will bring up the open file dialog box for the text file. Specify the appropriate text file name and click OK button, and this will bring you to the import Text file to IME Dictionary dialog box where you can specify the text file format that you used, is it the or the format. Click OK button to confirm the option selected. You will see a message indicating if the import was successful.

ZhuYin Keyboard

There are four keyboard layout provided by UnionWay Chinese system for ZhuYin input method. They are ET () with Tone keyboard, Standard () with Tone keyboard, ET Without Tone keyboard, and Standard Without Tone keyboard layout.

It is very important to select the keyboard layout that you are most familiar with. The input method is determined by the type of keyboard selected. Keyboard selection is made by clicking the Keyboard tag while in the ZhuYin Configuration dialog box or selecting the key while in the ZhuYin input mode. The keyboard type is indicated on the top right corner, 1 indicating the keyboard is in the first ZhuYin layout, clicking the spin button will change the keyboard layout to 2, 3 or 4. You may type directly using the computer keyboard or by using the mouse and pointer to click and select the input code that is displayed on the keyboard map window. If for some reason the cursor is not displaying in the application software, click the left mouse button again on the designated position and the cursor should be displaying again. The default ZhuYin keyboard is set to the ET with Tone layout.

Expending ZhuYin Dictionary

There are three ways to add new words or phrases into the ZhuYin dictionary:

  1. F12 Key. First select (highlight) a phrase of 16 Chinese words or less, then press F12 key to add it into the ZhuYin dictionary. This added phrase can be accessed using the phrase input rules. Please be sure that ZhuYin is the current Chinese input method before pressing F12 key. If you find the phrase you added is not only one in the Prompt line area, please use Shift + Fx function key to delete extra phrase on position x .
  2. Key. Please refer to the previous section for the use of this key.
  3. Expend as you input. If you can not find the word or phrase after entering the input code, hit the Enter key to begin the process of adding this new word or phrase into the ZhuYin dictionary. This function is very useful for multiple definition of input code for a particular word or phrase, also it can be used to define the input code for a new word created by the Font Maker.

Using as an example.

After entering the input code, and find that is not in the phrase selection. Press the Enter key and a yellow area appears on the bottom left of the UnionWay Chinese system tool bar as shown:

The yellow zone is holding the input code of this phrase to be added, and you can make changes to the input code while in this zone. For the ease of future reference to this phrase, please use the standard input rules.

Pressing the Enter key again will bring up a red zone for holding the word or phrase to be added (16 words or less). Now use the input method provided by UnionWay Chinese system and enter the phrase in the red zone (if you are adding a newly created word by the Font Maker, you will have to use the Internal Code input method to enter the new word into the red zone) as shown:

Press the Enter key again, this phrase is then simultaneously being added into the ZhuYin dictionary and sent to the application program at the cursor position (yellow and red zone will disappear at this time).

In the process of expending the ZhuYin dictionary, Backspace is used for delete input code or Chinese character, Esc is to cancel the process.

Note: The Shift + Fx function keys are used to delete a word or phrase on position x from the dictionary, pressing Shift + Fx again will restore the deleted word or phrase.

Input Symbol Characters

Since there are no ZhuYin keyboard mapping for the Chinese symbol characters, the Symbol Character input method is used for the input of Chinese symbol characters. While in the ZhuYin Configuration dialog box, set the current input method to the Symbol () input method. Or press the hot key "Ctrl + Alt + F7" to switch to Symbol input method. Then click with the left mouse button, and the keyboard layout for Symbol input method will be displayed (clicking the Shift button in the keyboard map window will bring up the second set of symbols for input). If you need other symbols that are not provided in the Symbol input method keyboard map window, please refer to the Internal Code input method for additional Chinese symbol characters input.

PinYin Input Method

PinYin Input Method (IME) conforms to the general characteristic of Mandarin pronunciation of each word, each having the component of Consonant, Vowel, and Tone. With these three components, it is then made possible for computer input. In Chinese Professional version, it not only provides the single word input (only single word input for the Standard version), but also provides the Chinese Word Phrase input (2 to 4 characters phrase), further distinguishes the input that is with Tone and without Tone. Each user may select and define their preferred input method.

Entering UnionWay Chinese system, English is the default input method, you can use the hot key "Ctrl + Alt + F2" to switch to the PinYin input method. If you click the with the left mouse button, the IME Configuration dialog box will appear. Click the zone will bring down a list of input method, select, and the current input method is switched to PinYin. This dialog box is then referred to as the PinYin Configuration dialog box. Select the Keyboard tag will bring up the following keyboard layout:

This is the without Tone keyboard layout, which is the standard PinYin keyboard. On the upper right corner, the spin button display 1, indicating it is the keyboard layout number 1. Clicking the "up" arrow on the spin button will change the display to 2, bringing us to the with Tone PinYin keyboard layout:

Notice the first input keyboard layout is without Tone, this is a default setting; the second input keyboard mapping is with Tone. It is very important to select the keyboard mapping that you are familiar with.

Following are some of the hot keys that you can use during the input:

Ctrl + Space or switch between the current Chinese and English

Alt + input method
Backspace deletes the input code
Esc clears all input code
Space turn to the next words (phrases) page
Turn to the previous words (phrases) page
1 to 8 (F1 to F8) are used for selecting the target word

Following are the representation of the tones:

(Numeric key 1) Light Tone
Space First Tone
(Numeric key 2) Second Tone
(Numeric key 3) Third Tone
(Numeric key 4) Forth Tone

For each word in the PinYin IME, it usually requires the Consonant + Vowel + (Tone); and for the word phrase, it usually requires the completion of the First Word + Consonant of the second word. For the with Tone input, the numeric keys are mapped into an Tone input code first (if existing), in this case (not typing Tone input code), please select the target word or phrase using the function keys, from F1 to F8 for the corresponding numeric key.

Intelligent PinYin Input Method

Intelligent PinYin input method provided by UnionWay Chinese system is the simplest and easiest to use for Chinese input. It is most flexible for word phrase and short sentence input. While in the PinYin Configuration dialog box, selecting the option will activate the Intelligent PinYin mode, this is a default setting.

Input Single Word

Using as an example:

Without Tone Input

While in the PinYin input mode, and the keyboard is on the layout 1, type the input codeu YUNv for , because the input is without Tone, all the words that matches the input code will be displayed, one page at a time, increasing the page turning frequency to find the target word. If the target word is not on the first page, you may use the Space bar or key to get to the next page. In this example, the target word is on the fifth position as shown below:


Pressing the numeric key 1 or the F1 key will bring the target word into the application program at the cursor position.

With Tone Input

While in the PinYin input mode, and the keyboard is on the layout 2, type the input codefor, one the first page, it displays list of words that has the same input code. If the target word is not on the first page, you may use the Space bar or key to get to the next page. In this example, the target word is on the first page position 7 as shown below (it may be on different position for different user due to the [Auto Sort] option may have sorted the word into different position):

Pressing the numeric key 7 or the F7 key will bring the target word into the application program at the cursor position.

It is true (for both the Input with Tone and without Tone) that it is not necessary to type all the input code to get to the target word. In the above example, by typing (Consonant) or (Consonant + Tone), could both bring you to the target word. However, the more code that you type, the less pages you have to turn to get to the target word.

There are two conditions worth noting while typing the single word with Tone. First, if you do not type the complete input code, maybe need to use the function keys from F1 to F4 to select target word replacing the numeric keys 1 to 4 , because the intended selection with numeric key may be taken as part of the Tone input code. Second, use the key for paging instead of the Space bar, because the first Space bar entry will be taken as the First Tone input, then the second Space bar entry will be taken as paging. In this second case, all the words in the page will have the same input code and with First Tone only.

Input Phrase

While using the Intelligent PinYin mode, any one of the following rules may be applied for the two, three, or four word phrase input:

  1. Type only the Consonant + (Tone) of each word in the phrase.
  2. Type the Consonant + (Tone) of the first two or three words in the phrase.
  3. Type the complete input code of the first word + the Consonant of the second word in the phrase.
  4. Type the complete input code of the first two or three words in the phrase.
  5. Type the complete input code for each of the word in the phrase.

The rule of thumb for word phrase input is that once the Consonant of the words are keyed in, it is not necessary to type the Vowel or the Tone, and there is no regulation of how many words you have to use for input as long as you start from the first word in the word phrase. However, the more code that you type, the less pages you have to turn to get to the target phrase.

Using phrase as an example:

Without Tone Input

While in the PinYin keyboard layout 1, the following are examples for locating the phrase:

With Tone Input

While in the PinYin keyboard layout 2, the following are examples for locating the phrase :

Using phrase as an example:

Without Tone Input

While in the PinYin keyboard layout 1, the following are examples for locating the phrase:

With Tone Input

While in the PinYin keyboard layout 2, the following are examples for locating the phrase:

There are two conditions worth noting while typing the phrase with Tone. First, if you do not type the complete input code, maybe need to use the function keys from F1 to F4 to select target phrase replacing the numeric keys 1 to 4 , because the intended selection with numeric key may be taken as part of the Tone input code. Second, use the key for paging instead of the Space bar, because the first Space bar entry will be taken as the First Tone input, then the second Space bar entry will be taken as paging.

While typing the PinYin input code, there are a few conditions that need special attention:

  1. While typing the vowel, with the input code requirement of, , and, it is necessary to replace with, and typing as, , and; similarly, for input code requirement of and, it is necessary to replace the with, and typing as and.
  2. Entering a phrase for the first time, it is to your advantage to type the complete input code to reduce the paging, then on the second time typing for the same phrase , the Auto Sort function can assist in finding the target quickly.
  3. For Intelligent mode phrase input, sometimes the Consonant of the second word is taken as the vowel of the first word. For example, while typing the input , the word that appear becomes and other words with the same input code. There are two way to solving this problem. First, you can use the word divider to indicate the input for the consonant of the second word. Typing the input code will then retrieve the phrase . Second way is to completely type the input code for the second word, the system will then combine the with

thus retrieving the phrase .

Input Short Sentence

In the dictionary of phrase provided by UnionWay Chinese system contains phrases of 4 words or less. To expend any of the existing or new phrase into short sentence of 16 words or less, you may use any one of the dictionary expansion method described in the next section. Both the input rules for phrase and short sentence are similar.

PinYin Configuration

To customize and set the preferred parameters for PinYin input method, you must select PinYin(), as the current input method in the IME Configuration dialog box (click button) as shown in the figure below:

There are two selections in the Space Character section:

This is a default option, setting the Space bar key as the page down key, equivalent to the key. When typing the input code in the input with Tone mode, the first Space bar entry will be taken as the First Tone input, then the second Space bar entry will be taken as paging, and will be paging only for all the words that matches the input code and has First Tone.

When selecting this option, it sets the Space bar key as the Send key, equivalent to the numeric key 1 (or F1 key). When in the input with Tone mode, the first Space bar entry will be taken as the First Tone input while typing the input code, then the second Space bar entry will be taken as Send, sending the first word in the page into the application program at the cursor position. In this case, the key must be used for paging through the word selection. This is not a default option.

Word mode allows the display of all words or phrases that have the same input code after typing complete input code. This is not a default option.

Character mode allows the display of all words or phrases that starts with the same input code. For example, after typing the input code , the following words or phrases, , , etc. will be displayed for selection as well. This is not a default option.

This is a default option. Please refer to the previous section for details on the Intelligent PinYin Input Method.

After sending the word or phrase into the application program, this option automatically brings the selected word or phrase to the front of the words or phrases list that has the same input code, reducing the paging frequency for the more commonly used words or phrases. This is a default option.

This option automatically sends the word or phrase into the application program at the cursor position while the input code only map to one word or phrase, also it is not the beginning code for other words or phrases. This is not a default option.

This option will display the complete input code for the words or phrases in the Prompt Line area. This option will not work while in the word mode . This is not a default option.

Imports new words or phrases and their corresponding input code form text file into the PinYin dictionary. The text file must have the file name with ".TXT" extension. The format in the text file begins with the Input Code + , (English comma) + Chinese Word or Phrase. For example:

The alternate text file format begins with the Chinese Word or Phrase + , (English comma) + Input Code. For Example:

Each phrase is limited to 16 Chinese words or less, but there is no limitation to the total number of entry in the text file.

While in the PinYin Configuration dialog box, click the button will bring up the open file dialog box for the text file. Specify the appropriate text file name and click OK button, and this will bring you to the Import text file to IME dictionary dialog box where you can specify the text file format that you used, is it the or the format. Click OK button to confirm the option selected. You will see a message indicating if the import was successful.

PinYin Keyboard

There are two keyboard mapping provided by UnionWay Chinese system for PinYin input method. They are PinYin without Tone keyboard and PinYin with Tone keyboard layout. It is very important to select the keyboard layout that you are most familiar with. The input method is determined by the type of keyboard selected. Keyboard selection is made by clicking the Keyboard tag while in the PinYin Configuration dialog box or selecting the key while in the PinYin input mode. The keyboard type is indicated on the top right corner, 1 indicating the keyboard is in the first PinYin mapping, clicking the spin button will change the keyboard type to 2. You may type directly using the computer keyboard or by using the mouse. If for some reason the cursor is not displaying in the application software, click the left mouse button on the designated position and the cursor should be displaying again. The default PinYin keyboard is set to the PinYin without Tone layout.

Expending PinYin Dictionary

There are three ways to add new words or phrases into the PinYin dictionary:

  1. F12 Key. First select (highlight) a phrase of 16 Chinese words or less, then use the F12 key to add it into the PinYin dictionary. This added phrase can be accessed using the phrase input rules. Please be sure that PinYin is the current Chinese input method before pressing the F12 key. If you find the phrase you added is not only one in the Prompt Line area, please use Shift + Fx function keys to delete extra phrase on position x .
  2. Key. Please refer to the previous section for the use of this key.
  3. Expend as you input. If you can not find the phrase after entering the input code, press the Enter key to begin the process of adding this new phrase into the PinYin dictionary. This function is very useful for multiple definition of input code for a particular word or phrase, or it can be used to define the input code for a new word created by the Font Maker.

Using as an example.

After entering the input code, and find that is not in the phrase selection. Press the Enter key and a yellow area appears on the bottom left of the UnionWay tool bar as shown:

The yellow zone is holding the input code of the phrase to be added, and you can make changes to the input code while in this zone. For the ease of future reference to the phrase, please use the standard input rules.

Pressing the Enter key again will bring up a red zone for holding the phrase to be added (16 Chinese words or less). Now use the input method provided by UnionWay Chinese system and enter the phrase

in the red zone (if you are adding a newly created word by the Font Maker, you will have to use the Internal Code input method to enter the new word into the red zone) as shown:


Press the Enter key again, the phrase is then simultaneously being added into the PinYin dictionary and sent to the application program at the cursor position (yellow and red zone will disappear at this time).

In the process of expending the PinYin dictionary, Backspace is used for delete input code or Chinese character, Esc is to cancel the process.

Note: The Shift + Fx function keys are used to delete a word or phrase on position x from the dictionary, pressing Shift + Fx again will restore the delete Chinese word or phrase.

Input Symbol Characters

On the PinYin keyboard, there are a few Chinese symbols defined for input such as the Chinese comma, period, etc., but not enough space for mapping all the Chinese symbol characters. The Symbol input method is used for the input of additional Chinese symbol characters. While in the PinYin Configuration dialog box, set the current input method to the Symbol () input method. Or press the hot key "Ctrl + Alt + F7" to switch to Symbol input method. Then click with the left mouse button, and the keyboard layout for Symbol input method will be displayed (clicking the Shift button in the keyboard map window will bring up the second set of symbols for input). If you need other symbols that are not provided in the Symbol input method keyboard map window, please refer to the Internal Code input method for additional Chinese symbol characters input.